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Sessional Instructors May 2020 - April 2021

Brian Clarke
BA, 1974, University of British Columbia    
AM, 1975, The Divinity School, The University of Chicago
PhD, 1986, The Divinity School, The University of Chicago



Teaching and Research Interests

Brian Clarke is a social historian of Christianity. His previous research examined the role of gender and ethnicity in the creation of religious identities and in the formation of public religion in Victorian Canada.
More recently, in collaboration with Stuart Macdonald he is studying the growing trend of disaffiliation from organized Christianity in twenty-first century Canada and the implications of this trend for social identities and for Canadian civil society. He is currently serving as a Collaborator in the Non-Religion in a Complex Future project, University of Ottawa. In his teaching Brian is particularly interested in lived religion and popular religious practices. He has taught at York University, the University of Toronto, the University of St. Michael`s College, and Memorial University of Newfoundland. He is the recipient of John Gilmary Shea Prize from the American Catholic Historical Association and Joseph Brant Award from the Ontario Historical Society among other awards.

Selected Publications

Co-author with Stuart Macdonald, Leaving Christianity: Changing Allegiances in Canada since 1945, McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2017.

"English Canada, 1854 to the Present," in A Concise History of Christianity in Canada. eds. Terrence Murphy and Roberto Perin, Oxford University Press, 1996

Piety and Nationalism: Lay Voluntary Associations and the Creation of an Irish-Catholic Community in Victorian Toronto, 1850-1895, McGill-Queen's University Press, 1993.


Selected Courses
EMH 1010 History of Christianity I (to CE 843)
EMH 2010 History of Christianity II (843-1648)
EMH 2210 History of Christianity III (1648 to Present)
Philip Gardner

Philip Gardner


BA, 1977, McMaster University    

MA, 1978, McMaster University

PhD, 1985, University of Toronto

MDiv, 2007, Emmanuel College, University of Toronto

ThD, 2018, Emmanuel College, University of Toronto





Teaching and Research Interests

Philip Gardner was ordained to the ministry of Word, Sacrament, and Pastoral Care by Hamilton Conference of the United Church of Canada in 2008.  He has served congregations in St. Catharines, Hamilton, and Burlington. Prior to ordination, he enjoyed a lengthy career as a pastoral musician.  As a historian of Christianity, the focus of his research has been on the United Church of Canada, the denomination’s attempt to navigate the 1960s decade of ferment, and ways in which directions taken and choices made during the decade have moulded and shaped that church’s current reality. 


Selected Courses

EMH 2570 Issues in United Church History


Ian Manson
Chris Zeichmann

BA Valparaiso University
MA Claremont School of Theology
PhD St. Michael’s College, University of Toronto


Teaching and Research Interests

Christopher B. Zeichmann studies the New Testament, with his research clustering in two areas. The first is the role of the Roman military and related institutions in the social world of the New Testament, where he brings these matters into conversation with recent developments in critical theory. The second is the politics of biblical interpretation, where his work centres on intersectional reading practices in both popular and scholarly contexts – his publications on the topic have ranged from analysis of imperialist subtexts of New Testament scholarship to the role of left-wing Judaism in early Superman comic books.

He is presently working on a book that combines these two interests, examining the history of queer interpretation of the Healing of the Centurion’s Slave (Matt 8:5-13; Luke 7:1-10). He also co-chairs the Ideological Criticism section of the Society of Biblical Literature.

Selected Publications


The Roman Army and the New Testament (Fortress Academic 2018)

Essential Essays for the Study of the Military in First-Century Palestine (Pickwick 2019)

Selected Articles and Book Chapters

“Romans Go Home? The Military as a Site of Class Struggle in the Roman East and New Testament.” Pages 53–65 in Class Struggle in the New Testament. Edited by Robert J. Myles. Lanham: Fortress Academic/Lexington, 2019.

“Liberal Hermeneutics of the Spectacular in the Study of the New Testament and the Roman Empire.” Method and Theory in the Study of Religion 31 (2019): 152–183.

[with Fernando Bermejo-Rubio] “Where Were the Romans and What Did They Know? Military and Intelligence Networks as a Probable Factor in Jesus of Nazareth’s Fate.” Scripta Classica Israelica 38 (2019): 83–115.

“The Triumphal Entry and the Limits of Satire.” The Bible and Critical Theory 15/2 (2019): 128–140.

“Gender in Biblical Studies after the Forgery of The Gospel of Jesus’s Wife.Biblical Interpretation 26 (2018): 391–412.

“Gender Minorities In and Under Roman Power: Respectability Politics in Luke–Acts.” Pages 61–73 in Luke–Acts. Edited by James P. Grimshaw. Texts @ Contexts. London: T&T Clark, 2018.

Canadian Society of Biblical Studies
North American Association for the Study of Religion
Society of Ancient Military Historians
Society of Biblical Literature (co-chair: Ideological Criticism section)
Toronto Mennonite Theological Centre
Selected Courses
EMB1501 – Introduction to the Christian Bible, Part I
EMB1506 – Introduction to the Christian Bible, Part II
EMB2801 – New Testament Responses to Violence
EMB2831 – Difficult Stories of Jesus: The Empty Tomb
EMB2951 – Jesus and the Games We Play